A brief history

Gyrus and gatehouseThe earliest evidence for occupation at the Lunt site has been dated to around the time of the Boudican rebellion in AD60 – AD61. The Lunt is close to the junction of two major Roman roads, the Fosse Way and Watling Street. This whole area appears to have been a highly militarised zone with forts at Wall (Letocetum), Mancetter (Manduessedum), Alcester (Alauna) and Metchley. Tacitus recorded that the whole army was kept mobilised during the winter to quell any remnants of the Boudican uprising.

The fort sits on a high plateau with a steep wooded slope overlooking the river Sowe. The sites defensive situation and its proximity to a crossing point in the river made it an ideal location for a Roman fort. The river would have provided a source of fresh water and the Forest of Arden supplies of timber for building.

In AD64 the fort was reduced in size and the gyrus constructed. Towards the end of the AD70s the number of barrack blocks at the fort was reduced. This may have been due to the transfer of troops to deal with an uprising by the Silurians, a tribe in south Wales.

Archaeological investigations have uncovered small amounts of Roman armour and horse equipment suggesting that cavalry units were stationed at the Lunt. Based on the number of barrack blocks, it has been estimated that approximately 480 foot soldiers and 120 cavalry soldiers resided at the fort.

In AD79 Agricola became governor of Britain and there was a move northwards to conquer the whole of the island. The fort was finally abandoned around AD80.